16 November, 2013

2013 | 319 | 15Nov13 | Abbanakuppe Lake | Bidadi

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1. Brown Shrike
Audio Credit : Ramit Singal, Manipal, India

Brown Shrike
ID 01 Distinctive black "bandit-mask" through the eye.
தனித்தன்மை வாய்ந்த முகமுடி அணிந்த கண்கள்
02 Brown on the upper parts and the tail is rounded.
மேல் பகுதிகள் பழுப்பு நிறத்திலும் வால் வட்ட வடிவில் காணப்படும்,
03 The black mask can be paler in winter and has a white brow over it.
04 Underside is creamy with rufous flanks and belly.
05 Wings are brown and lack any white "mirror" patches.
06 Females tend to have fine scalloping on the underside and the mask is dark brown and not as well marked as in the male.
07 The tail is more brownish
Habitat 08 Found in open scrub habitats,
Distribution 09 Found mainly in Asia.
10 The nominate form breeds in northern Asia from Mongolia to Siberia and winters in South Asia, Myanmar and the Malay Peninsula.
Behavior & Ecology 11 Migratory species and often return to same location each winter.
12 Arrive in winter to India in August to September and departure in April.
13 The breeding season is late May or June
14 Breeding habitat includes the taiga, forest to semi- desert where they build a nest in a tree or bush, laying 2-6 eggs.
Feeding 15 Feed on insects, especially insects including butterfly & moths.
16 They impale prey on thorns. Small birds and lizards are also sometimes preyed on.
17 They typically look out for prey from a perch and fly down towards the ground to capture them.
Source : Wikipedia
02. Scaly Breasted Munia

Audio Credit : Sander Bot, Holland

Scaly-Breasted Munia
ID 01 It's a sparrow-sized estrildid finch native to tropical Asia.
02Its name is based on the distinct scale-like feather markings on the breast and belly.
03The adult is brown above and has a dark conical bill.
04This Munia eats mainly on grass seeds apart from berries and small insects.
05They forage in flocks and communicate with soft calls and whistles.
06The species is highly social and may sometimes roost with other species of munias.
07This species is found in tropical plains and grasslands.
08The Scaly-breasted Munia is about 11–12 centimetres (4.3–4.7 in) long and weighs 12–16 grams.
09The adult has a stubby dark bill typical of grain eating birds, brown upperparts and a dark brown head.
10The underparts are white with dark scale markings.
11The sexes are similar, although males have darker markings on the underside and a darker throat than females.
12Immature birds have pale brown upperparts, lack the dark head found in adults, and have uniform buff underparts
13Breeding pairs construct dome-shaped nests using grass or bamboo leaves.
Social14Scaly-breasted Munias form flocks of as many as 100 birds.
15Individuals communicate with calls that include a short whistle, variations of kitty-kitty-kitty, and a sharp chipping alarm note.
Breeding16The breeding season is during the summer rainy season (mainly June to August in India) but can vary.
17The nest is a large domed structure loosely woven from blades of grass, bamboo or other leaves with a side entrance and is placed in a tree or under the eaves of a house.
Egg18Scaly-breasted Munia clutch usually contain 4 to 6 eggs, but can contain up to 10.
19Both sexes build the nest and incubate the eggs, which hatch in 10 to 16 days.
20Juveniles typically fledge in three weeks.
21Scaly-breasted Munias have a typical life expectancy of 6 to 8 years.
Food22The Scaly-breasted Munia feeds mainly on seeds but also eats small berries
23They may also feed on algae, a rich protein source, prior to the breeding season.
Source : Wikipedia

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